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Link to Resource: http://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/teachers-corner/volcanoes/
Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
Organization:Utah Geological Survey (UGS)
Summary:What are geological features and processes? Well, the features constitute anything from major landforms such as mountains or plateaus, to ripple marks or glacial striations (grooves) on a rock. The geological processes, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, erosion, and deposition are what create or change geological features. Volcanoes are created by internal forces within the Earth that cause heated, melted rock (magma) to rise to the surface. First collecting in magma chambers, some of the magma eventually pushes upward through cracks (vents) to the Earth's surface. As the magma reaches the surface, it loses some of its gases and turns into lava. Volcanoes are created by the release and build-up of lava and other materials. In this activity, students will make model volcanoes and observe the different kinds of eruptions they have.
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 1; Big Idea 4; Big Idea 8
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS2.B
NGSS Performance Expectations:2-ESS2-2
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Developing and using models
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Patterns
Subjects: elementary school; k-3; k-5 geosource; volcano
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