A Bit of Engineering

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Link to Resource: http://www.earthsciweek.org/classroom-activities/a-bit-of-engineering
Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
5 6 7 8
Organization:American Geosciences Institute (AGI); Earth Science Week (ESW); JOI Learning
Summary:The JOIDES Resolution is an amazing ship that contains all the equipment necessary to drill into the ocean floor for samples of rock and sediment: a derrick, drill pipe, drilling tools, and drill bits. Once the cylindrical core sample arrives on the rig floor, the drill crew passes the 10 m core to technicians. They, in turn, carry it to the catwalk, where it is cut into 1.5 m sections and labeled. After the core is brought up on deck, the technicians notify the rest of the crew by yelling: “CORE ON DECK!” Technicians handle cores very carefully so as not to disrupt the contents. Finally, the cylindrical core sections are cut in half lengthwise so lab techs and scientists can take samples and write descriptions of the contents in hopes of discovering new information. But who brings the core from the sea floor to the deck and who figures out how to drill? Drillers, drilling technicians, and engineers. In this activity, students learn about deepwater drilling and prepare their own drill core. Students use the same process as deepwater drillers, and get to examine a core made out sandwich materials. They discuss what the core looks like, along with different methods drillers might use to take core samples of th eocean floor.
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 1
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS3.A; ESS3.C
NGSS Performance Expectations:HS-ESS3-1; HS-ESS3-2; HS-ESS3-3; HS-ESS3-6; MS-ESS3-1; MS-ESS3-3
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Analyzing and interpreting data; Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering); Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering); Developing and using models; Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information; Planning and carrying out investigations
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Patterns; Scale, proportion, and quantity
Subjects: 6-8; earth science week; engineering; middle school; oceans; rocks; water
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