A Model of Three Faults

Saved in:
Link to Resource: http://www.earthsciweek.org/classroom-activities/a-model-of-three-faults
Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
7 8 9 10 11 12
Language:English
Organization:American Geosciences Institute (AGI); Earth Science Week (ESW); United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Summary:One of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of nature is a severe earthquake and its terrible aftereffects. An earthquake is a sudden movement of the Earth, caused by the abrupt release of strain that has accumulated over a long time. For hundreds of millions of years, the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the Earth as the huge plates that form the Earth's surface slowly move over, under and past each other. Sometimes the movement is gradual. At other times, the plates are locked together, unable to release the accumulating energy. When the accumulated energy grows strong enough, the plates break free. If the earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause many deaths and injuries and extensive property damage. Today we are challenging the assumption that earthquakes must present an uncontrollable and unforecastable hazard to life and property. Scientists have begun to estimate the locations and likelihoods of future damaging earthquakes. Sites of greatest hazard are being identified, and designing structures that will withstand the effects of earthquakes. To do this, students observe fault movements on a scale model of the Earth.
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 8
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS1.C; ESS2.A; ESS2.B; ESS3.B
NGSS Performance Expectations:4-ESS2-2; 5-ESS2-1; HS-ESS1-5; HS-ESS2-2; HS-ESS2-3; HS-ESS3-1; MS-ESS2-1; MS-ESS2-2; MS-ESS2-3
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Analyzing and interpreting data; Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering); Developing and using models; Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation; Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation; Patterns; Scale, proportion, and quantity; Stability and change; Structure and function
Subjects: earth science week; earthquake; geology; rocks
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!

Similar Items