Climate and Temperature

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Link to Resource: http://www.earthsciweek.org/classroom-activities/climate-and-temperature
Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
5 6 7 8
Language:English
Organization:American Geosciences Institute (AGI); Earth Science Week (ESW); Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)
Summary:There are many factors that combine to form soil, an important, slowly renewable resource. Some of these factors include climate, organisms, relief, parent material, and time. Soil provides the food, fiber, and building materials to nourish, clothe, and house Earth’s inhabitants. How does climate help soil to form? In warm, moist climates such as those in tropical rainforests, organic (formerly living) material breaks down most quickly. In hot, dry climates, on the other hand, decomposition is slower because there is less water. This slow decomposition creates light soils that contain little organic matter. Grassland soils in temperate climates contain much organic matter. The amount of plant matter that can decompose to make soil varies among different climates. Few plants grow in deserts, for example, but there are lots of grasses in semiarid regions, and forests flourish in humid regions. This activity demonstrates how soil temperature is affected by water content, plant or mulch cover, and aspect.
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 3
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS2.D; ESS3.C; ESS3.D
NGSS Performance Expectations:5-ESS3-1; MS-ESS2-5; MS-ESS2-6; MS-ESS3-5
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering); Developing and using models; Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information; Planning and carrying out investigations
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation; Stability and change; Systems and system models
Subjects: 6-8; climate; earth science week; middle school; soils
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