Energy Resources: Oil

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Link to Resource: http://www.agiweb.org/education/energy/oil/index.html
Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
9 10 11 12
Language:English
Organization:American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Summary:Oil, also called petroleum, is a naturally occurring liquid formed from dead marine microorganisms. It is usually black or dark brown in color, but can vary from yellow to greenish. It is an organic substance and consists of several hydrocarbons (compounds made of hydrogen and carbon). It is typically found underground in sedimentary rocks. Sometimes it rises to the surface. Oil is a fossil fuel. When it is extracted from bedrock it is called crude oil. The chemistry of crude oil varies from one deposit to another, depending on the source material and the amount of heat it was exposed to during formation. Crude oil can be separated into different products using industrial processes in refineries. This includes five activities on oil.
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 7; Big Idea 9
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS3.A
NGSS Performance Expectations:HS-ESS3-1; HS-ESS3-2
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering); Engaging in argument from evidence
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation
Subjects: energy; hydraulic fracturing; oil and gas; petroleum
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