Groundwater Movement

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Resource Type:Classroom Activities; Curricula and Instruction
Grade Level:
4 5 6 7 8 9
Organization:American Geosciences Institute (AGI); Bureau of Land Management (BLM); Earth Science Week (ESW)
Summary:"Water that accumulates beneath the surface of the Earth is called groundwater. Contrary to popular belief, groundwater does not form underground """"rivers,"""" but is actually found in the small spaces and cracks between rocks and other material such as sand and gravel. Groundwater supplies about 38 percent of the water used for agriculture in the United States. The layer of earth, gravel, or porous stone that yields water is called an aquifer. If hazardous waste, chemicals, heavy metals, or oil collect on the surface of the ground, rain or runoff percolating into the soil can carry these substances into the groundwater. The following activity involves learning how water moves through rock materials such as sand, gravel, and clay."
Earth Science Big Ideas:Big Idea 5
NGSS Discplinary Core Ideas:ESS2.C; ESS3.A; ESS3.B
NGSS Performance Expectations:5-ESS2-2; HS-ESS3-1; MS-ESS2-4; MS-ESS3-1
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering); Developing and using models; Using mathematics and computational thinking
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation; Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation; Scale, proportion, and quantity
Subjects: 6-8; earth science week; elementary school; geology; groundwater; k-5 geosource; karst; middle school; water availability; water quality
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