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Published in 2018
What’s an awe-inspiring natural feature in your state? Maybe it’s a mountain, canyon, waterfall, glacier, cave, volcano, geyser, natural arch, grand vista, or something else. Identify an inspiring landscape near you, and learn about the geoscience behind it. Start with the geologic maps...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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2
The National Park Service brings you information on geologic time and how we tell the age of the Earth. Learn about fundamental geologic concepts, view a geologic time module, view a video on the Big Ideas in Geoscience, and look at fossils and rocks throughout geologic time.
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Climate change is a major global issue of our time. Understanding the essential principles of climate science will enable students to better assess information and to contribute to what will be ongoing climate discussions as informed citizens. Students observe and contrast thermal properties of...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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4
This activity introduces students to the concept of sorting materials in different mediums and the sedimentary feature called graded bedding. Students will discover that water is a good medium to separate and sort particles, and that particles behave differently in water than in air.
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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5
Because the formation of soil involves the interaction of numerous physical, chemical, and biological processes, the study of soil provides an unmatched opportunity to illustrate connections between science and a systems approach to understanding earth processes. Soil, as the basis for agriculture,...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
This is a demonstration of the affects on a continental land mass of an ice sheet growing and then melting. Students can relate their models to the changing state of balance in the Earth's lithosphere when additional loading, such as an ice sheet, is added or removed.
Grade Level   11 12
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7
Students will use a chemical reaction to test for the presence of carbonate in calcite and limestone. By dropping a small amount of an acid on these specimens, they will observe bubbles of carbon dioxide forming from the reaction of the acid with carbonate minerals.
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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8
Potholes like the ones featured in this activity may have been formed by the grinding action of pebbles being swirled round by the fast-moving water. We can re-create these conditions by swirling pebbles in a bucket of water, using a spade.
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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9
Students use sugar cubes to demonstrate how karstic scenery forms. This activity can be used in any science or geography lesson.
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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10
From rivers that carve out canyons to tectonic plates that build mountains, our rocky planet Earth is always changing. In space, planets—with their own volcanoes and thunderstorms—whirl around the Sun. Earth and space scientists are dedicated to studying our solar system, from the moon...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5
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11
Acids are substances that have a sour taste and strong smell. Lemon juice and vinegar are common acids. Acid rain is formed when pollution inthe air mixes with the rain and falls to the ground. In this activity, vinegar will represent acid rain, and an antacid tablet will represent a marble statue...
Grade Level   3 4 5
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12
While the 'Principle of superposition of strata' states that younger rocks are found above older ones, there are certain unusual geological conditions causing older rocks to be found on top of younger ones. Through this activity, pupils can model the unusual geological conditions where the...
Grade Level   10 11 12
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13
This activity can be used as one means of explaining isostasy, in the context of the Earth's structure and its surface relief. Students will model the principle of isostasy with wooden blocks.
Grade Level   11 12
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14
In this lesson, students will create three-dimensional (3-D) blocks out of paper to learn about the types of faulting that occur at the Earth’s surface and its interior, and explain how earthquakes are generated by fault movement. Step-by-step directions will provide students with the necessary...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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15
Published in 1990
This report contains instructions and patterns for preparing seven, 3-D paper models that schematically illustrate common earth faults and associated landforms. The faults described are: normal, reverse, right- and left-lateral strike-slip, and oblique-slip. There are also models and discussions of...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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16
Carry out a laboratory demonstration of the first stages in the chemical weathering of limestone. Quarter-fill a small glass beaker or a boiling tube, with some water of neutral pH and add some Universal indicator. Ask what will happen if a pupil blows steadily into the water through a straw (it...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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17
By GeoBlox
An oasis forms when precipitation falling in the recharge zone seeps into the ground where porous and permeable rocks are found at the surface. This groundwater may travel many miles through the aquifer and resurface where the porous layer is exposed. When this occurs in a desert region an oasis may...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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18
By GeoBlox
Jones Spring is located in the bed of the intermittent stream Walnut Creek. Walnut Creek is also a disappearing stream. Water flows down along the Hensell Sand Member in the bed of Walnut Creek until it reaches the contact with the Cow Creek Limestone. This limestone is a coquina that formed from...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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19
This activity can be used in any science or geography lesson about the processes and products of the sedimentary rock cycle.
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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20
This activity allows students to construct a small-scale model of liquefaction, a hazard associated with strong-magnitude earthquakes. The sand, water, and ping pong ball(s) represent the composites of soil: sediment, water, and air, respectively. The shaking, representative of seismic waves, will...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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