201
Raindrops contain more than just water. In addition to the small particles of dust around which water drops form, raindrops can contain chemicals found in the atmosphere. Often rain is slightly acidic. This “acid rain” can chemically affect (weather) materials it touches. The amount of...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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202
In January 1992, a container ship headed to Tacoma-Washington, from Hong Kong, China, lost 12 containers during severe storm conditions. One container held a shipment of 29-000 bathtub toys. Ten months later, the first of these plastic toys began to wash up onto the coast of Alaska. Driven by the...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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203
This teacher's guide defines what a mineral deposit is and how a mineral deposit is identified and measured, how the mineral resources are extracted, and how the mining site is reclaimed; how minerals and mineral resources are processed; and how we use mineral resources in our every day lives....
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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204
A system is a group of related features or objects that are organized in some way. Different parts of a system interact with each other. This causes a system to function in some way as a whole. Every system has a driving force that makes it work. In any system, there can be a large number of parts...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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205
As far back as ancient Greek and Roman times, people built structures that created an indoor environment suited to growing plants throughout the year. This enabled the gardener to establish a measure of control over growing conditions and extend the growth period into the colder seasons of the year....
Grade Level   3 4 5
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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206
Students brainstorm different sources of pollution. Then, students make their own miniature ocean inside a water bottle, and pollute it with waste and oil to observe the effects on animals in the water. A demonstration shows students the effect of oil on birds' feathers and discuss the consequences...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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207
Get ready to do a virtual shift, a fun way to use computer software to look at the same cloud from below and above. But first, let's review some common cloud classifications. Clouds are given Latin names corresponding to their appearance and height. Meteorologists further differentiate clouds...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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208
"The names of these different images refer to what part of the electromagnetic spectrum the satellite sensors are sampling. It turns out that the atmosphere is transparent to different types of radiation in certain areas of the spectrum. These areas are called atmospheric windows or channels....
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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209
The idea of using successive satellite observations of clouds to determine wind direction and speed was pioneered by Professor Suomi of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. This module provides an explanation of how this is accomplished. While the concept is simple, the procedure is rather complex....
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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210
Scientists are always working to improve our ability to observe the Earth remotely. It's because of this type of continued innovation that we have the ability to understand our planet the way you have learned so far through these modules. This module will guide you through some relatively new...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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211
"""""""""Informational text"""""""" provides factual information about the world to readers. Being able to understand these texts is an important skill for college and career readiness. As well, many readers find informational text highly motivating, since the topics that are covered may be of great...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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212
To measure ozone in the Earth's atmosphere, NASA built the approximately 6-500-pound Aura satellite. The spacecraft carries four high-tech instruments that scan the globe from more than 700 kilometers above the planet. For students, there is an easy way to investigate ozone in their own...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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213
Petroleum geologists play a vital role in locating energy resources. They use a variety of methods to collect the data they need to find reservoirs of oil and natural gas. When they find these reservoirs, petroleum geologists need to calculate their volume. They also need to estimate how much they...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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214
Rocks break down into smaller pieces through weathering. Rocks and sediment grinding against each other wear away surfaces. This type of weathering is called abrasion, and it happens as wind and water rush over rocks. The rocks become smoother as rough and jagged edges break off. In this activity,...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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215
Soils come from rocks and other things that reflect local conditions. Soil is essential for life. In this investigation, students will be able to identify soil properties that can be related to original bedrock, climate and vegetation. At the same time, they will learn about practical issues related...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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216
Soil is often overlooked as a natural resource. Like fossil fuels, we depend on it for energy in the form of foods. And, like fossil fuels, it is nonrenewable. Soil is a delicate balance of inorganic minerals, organic matter, living organisms, soil water, and soil atmosphere. The natural development...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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217
Picking up, examining and collecting rocks can be the first steps in moving children toward an appreciation of geology and the “bones” of the Earth. Children can find a wide variety of rocks in many places, from the school yard to parks and driveways at home. Even very young children...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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218
The rock cycle is the combination of all the processes that act to break down rocks, move sedimentary materials from place to place, and produce new rocks. In this investigation, students will discover what happens to rocks under lots of pressure and heat through a simulation that uses crayon...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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219
Students will be able to identify minerals according to physical properties by using color, luster, Moh's hardness scale, the streak test and an identification sheet. The purpose of this investigation is to understand how geoscientists identify minerals by color, luster, and tests for streak and...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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220
Atmospheric scientists study weather processes, the global dynamics of climate, solar radiation and its effects, and the role of atmospheric chemistry in ozone depletion, climate change, and pollution. They observe what's going on in our atmosphere today and compare it to records from years past. To...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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