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Just as your GPS helps you make sure you’re getting from point “a” to point “b” correctly, maps help scientists draw important conclusions and visualize important concepts they study. The right map can help a petroleum engineer find the best drilling site, or help a meteorologist make the...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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Published in 2010
Soils are critical for many aspects of our daily life. They provide food such as grains, vegetables, and animal feed. They provide fiber for clothing, as in cotton, flax-linen, and hemp. And they provide shelter materials like wood and brick. But did you realize that soils also are an important part...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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3
What factors affect how easily a fluid can move through sediments? How is this flow rate connected to oil production? Many people think that oil lies in big pools below Earth's surface. Oil actually is located in the pores within rocks (called “source rocks”). When the pores are...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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"Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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5
Earth scientists play an important, if largely invisible, role in many aspects of our daily lives, such as building homes or growing food. For example, geoscientists help determine which locations would be best for undertaking these vital activities. The slope of the soil is an important soil...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
Coal is an organic sedimentary rock that is formed by the compaction and hardening of plant remains. Because coal is mostly composed of carbon, it is a rock that burns in air. The heat that is released by burning coal is used as the primary source of energy for the generation of electricity. About...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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7
Oil, also called petroleum, is a naturally occurring liquid formed from dead marine microorganisms. It is usually black or dark brown in color, but can vary from yellow to greenish. It is an organic substance and consists of several hydrocarbons (compounds made of hydrogen and carbon). It is...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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