1
Coal produces more than half of the electricity used in the United States, and is our most abundant domestic nonrenewable energy source. The students will comupte the cost of electricity used to light their classroom and their school for one hour through one year, the number of kilowatt ours of...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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2
Caterpillar is pleased to offer 75 professionally developed lesson plans, appropriate for ages 11-13, 13-15, and 15-18, available in English and Spanish as downloadable PDFs. Each lesson plan provides learning objectives compatible with mining education curriculums around the world. Topics covered...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Students will be able to find and analyze information to describe that chemical processes are used to convert natural resources into synthetic materials and products. They will also be able to give examples of how the production of synthetic products has impacts, both positive and negative, for...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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4
Have you ever looked at a stone wall and wondered where the different rocks came from and what story they may tell? In the field, select a stone wall to look at with your students. Close observations will probably lead to numerous questions, many of which can be answered by logical thinking...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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5
Density is an intrinsic physical property of minerals that relates to the composition of the mineral and to the pattern in which the mineral’s atoms are arranged. “Intrinsic” means that the property is the same for the mineral, no matter what the size or shape of the sample. In this activity,...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
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6
"Water that accumulates beneath the surface of the Earth is called groundwater. Contrary to popular belief, groundwater does not form underground """"rivers,"""" but is actually found in the small spaces and cracks between rocks and other material such as sand and gravel. Groundwater supplies about...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9
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7
"""""Thar's gold in them thar classrooms!"""" History meets Earth science in the fun, hands-on activity below. Students pan for gold and other minerals, experiencing what early settlers of the Western US went through. Some gold deposits, or lodes, are found in veins of fractured rock. After millions...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
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8
"The purpose of this activity is to give the player an introduction to the economics of mining. Each player buys """"property,"""" purchases the """"mining equipment,"""" pays for the """"mining operation,"""" and finally pays for the """"reclamation."""" In return, the player receives money for the...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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9
How do the natural shapes of gemstone crystals control what the final cut gem will look like? Where do gemstones come from? What makes them sparkle? Where do their colors come from? There's nothing as eye-catching as a piece of fine jewelry covered in beautifully colored gemstones. Natural...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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10
The Geology for Investors website is a source of information about why mineral deposits are where they are. This site provides an understanding of how minerals become concentrated where they do. Read about minerals found at the edges of plate boundaries or other topics found in the tabs at the top...
Grade Level   6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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11
This teacher's guide defines what a mineral deposit is and how a mineral deposit is identified and measured, how the mineral resources are extracted, and how the mining site is reclaimed; how minerals and mineral resources are processed; and how we use mineral resources in our every day lives....
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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12
What factors affect how easily a fluid can move through sediments? How is this flow rate connected to oil production? Many people think that oil lies in big pools below Earth's surface. Oil actually is located in the pores within rocks (called “source rocks”). When the pores are...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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13
"Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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14
Natural gas, which is mostly methane, is an energy resource used for generating electricity and heating, powering transportation, and manufacturing products. Right now, one-quarter of the world's energy comes from natural gas. Natural gas formation, one of the processes occurring on our...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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15
"Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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16
Students will be able to identify minerals according to physical properties by using color, luster, Moh's hardness scale, the streak test and an identification sheet. The purpose of this investigation is to understand how geoscientists identify minerals by color, luster, and tests for streak and...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6
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