1
Coal produces more than half of the electricity used in the United States, and is our most abundant domestic nonrenewable energy source. The students will comupte the cost of electricity used to light their classroom and their school for one hour through one year, the number of kilowatt ours of...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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2
Caterpillar is pleased to offer 75 professionally developed lesson plans, appropriate for ages 11-13, 13-15, and 15-18, available in English and Spanish as downloadable PDFs. Each lesson plan provides learning objectives compatible with mining education curriculums around the world. Topics covered...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Published in 2016
These Kindergarten-Graduate level earth science resources talk about: atmosphere and weather, land and geology, oceans and dynamics, water and its effects, resources (energy, minerals, etc).
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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4
During this activity your students will learn about the issue of land subsidence, which leads to topographical changes. Subsidence is due to poor backfilling/stabilization practices during the mining of gold. Then your students will complete an activity in which they will use materials like sand and...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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5
The Geological Society of London (GSL) provides a variety of lesson plans and links for Earth science classroom activities. Some activities feature are: The Chocolate Rock Cycle, a week's worth of geology lessons (igneous rocks, geologic time, map-making, etc.), grains and depositional environments,...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
Published in 2018
In any science, it is important to accurately and understandably describe your observations for others. Whether for advancing research or informing the public, communicating your work is critical. For geologists, this comes down to describing rocks' colors, patterns, shapes, and other features....
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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7
Students will be able to find and analyze information to describe that chemical processes are used to convert natural resources into synthetic materials and products. They will also be able to give examples of how the production of synthetic products has impacts, both positive and negative, for...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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8
Have you ever looked at a stone wall and wondered where the different rocks came from and what story they may tell? In the field, select a stone wall to look at with your students. Close observations will probably lead to numerous questions, many of which can be answered by logical thinking...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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9
Published in 2005
Students have the opportunity to take a core sample of their local soil. Using PVC piping, a section of soil is pulled up, allowing students to observe the soil's different layers. Those layers are then separated and identified. The identification process helps students understand what elements make...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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10
Published in 2018
Architects and engineers often design and build structures inspired by the earth’s natural formations and shapes. This was also true for the ancient builders that built pyramidal structures and platforms with broad bases and tapered sides, inspired in most cases by the hills and mountains they saw...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
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11
Density is an intrinsic physical property of minerals that relates to the composition of the mineral and to the pattern in which the mineral’s atoms are arranged. “Intrinsic” means that the property is the same for the mineral, no matter what the size or shape of the sample. In this activity,...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
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12
We find carbon everywhere on Earth ─ in trees, rocks, fossil fuels, oceans, and even you! Carbon doesn’t stay in one place, through. Scientists study how carbon moves from one place to another. This is the carbon cycle. The Industrial Revolution, starting in the 1700s, saw a move to large-scale...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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13
"Water that accumulates beneath the surface of the Earth is called groundwater. Contrary to popular belief, groundwater does not form underground """"rivers,"""" but is actually found in the small spaces and cracks between rocks and other material such as sand and gravel. Groundwater supplies about...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9
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14
"""""Thar's gold in them thar classrooms!"""" History meets Earth science in the fun, hands-on activity below. Students pan for gold and other minerals, experiencing what early settlers of the Western US went through. Some gold deposits, or lodes, are found in veins of fractured rock. After millions...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
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15
"Have you ever seen a fossil? A fossil is any evidence of past life preserved in sediments or rocks. Do you think you could have dinosaur fossils in your family car’s gas tank? Did you ever hear that oil and natural gas are “fossil fuels”? Do you think oil and natural gas can be made from...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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16
Core samples are small portions of a formation taken from an existing well and used for geologic analysis. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Drilling is the only way to be sure that oil and gas...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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17
"The purpose of this activity is to give the player an introduction to the economics of mining. Each player buys """"property,"""" purchases the """"mining equipment,"""" pays for the """"mining operation,"""" and finally pays for the """"reclamation."""" In return, the player receives money for the...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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18
"Mining is a complex process in which valuable or useful materials are removed from large masses of rock. In this activity, students use birdseed and colored beads to mine for """"precious metals"""" and """"gold."""" At th end of the activity, students can count up their winnings. The students gain...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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19
"To allow students to produce a """"marketable"""" product made from minerals that are used by most people every day. Both the abrasive and cleansing compounds found in toothpaste, calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, are minerals. Students make their own toothpastes with different colors and...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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20
How do the natural shapes of gemstone crystals control what the final cut gem will look like? Where do gemstones come from? What makes them sparkle? Where do their colors come from? There's nothing as eye-catching as a piece of fine jewelry covered in beautifully colored gemstones. Natural...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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