1
Are geothermal power sources actually renewable? This activity has students building a geothermal power source and answering questions on renew-ability. Students will see different ways geothermal power is extracted, model forms of this power using a density can filled with hot gravel, and be able...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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2
"What factors and constraints do we have to consider when designing a renewable energy plan for a community? This lesson is part of a larger unit in the California Academy of Sciences' Flipside Science series: """"Exploring Energy: Designing a Brighter Future."""""
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Learn about the role of greenhouse gases in climate change with resources from the NLM's Environmental Health Student Portal. The greenhouse gases web page provides basic information for middle level students about greenhouse gases and the human activities that increase them, links to news articles...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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4
Core samples are small portions of a formation taken from an existing well and used for geologic analysis. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Drilling is the only way to be sure that oil and gas...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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5
Current consumption of fossil fuel releases more than 25 billion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere every year. If current trends continue, there will be a tripling of atmospheric CO2 by the end of the century—levels not seen for more than 40 million years. By measuring our carbon footprint, we can...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
In many rural parts of the world, people still cook with wood. They often must collect and carry the wood many miles on their backs. They also cut down trees and shrubs instead of letting them grow tall for shade. In these areas, especially if the climate is dry, there is lots of sunshine; a solar...
Grade Level   3 4
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7
Windmills have been used for hundreds of years to collect energy from the wind. They have been used to pump water, to grind grain, and -, more recently -, to generate electricity. In some modern wind generators, the blades are very thin. But there are many possible designs, and engineers are always...
Grade Level   3 4
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8
It takes energy to run the appliances and machines we use everyday. The national average commercial cost to use this energy is ¤0.10/kilowatt hour. In addition to the financial cost, there is also an environmental cost in the form of carbon emissions. The general rule of thumb is that every...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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9
"Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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10
This activity will help you to understand some of the factors that petroleum geologists need to consider when deciding where to recommend drilling for oil. Since people use petroleum products for energy and as source materials for petrochemicals, it is important as citizen scientists to understand...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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11
Natural gas, which is mostly methane, is an energy resource used for generating electricity and heating, powering transportation, and manufacturing products. Right now, one-quarter of the world's energy comes from natural gas. Natural gas formation, one of the processes occurring on our...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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12
"Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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13
In this activity, students create a working model of an oil pump. Artificial lifting systems, or pumping units, are used to help pull oil out of reservoir rock and pump it up a well. A down hole pump in the well is connected to the pumping unit by steel rods, which are screwed together. The pump is...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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14
Geographic information systems (GIS) are mapping and analysis tools that people use in all walks of life. GIS is problem-solving technology, for careers in research, policy-making, and production — in government agencies, non-profit groups, and for-profit companies, from global to local...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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15
Coal is an organic sedimentary rock that is formed by the compaction and hardening of plant remains. Because coal is mostly composed of carbon, it is a rock that burns in air. The heat that is released by burning coal is used as the primary source of energy for the generation of electricity. About...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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16
NASA’s Gravity and Climate Experiment (GRACE) is a mission to track the impact of climate change on the planet’s vast stores of freshwater, saltwater, and ice. A pair of satellites, GRACE effectively “weighs” Earth’s shifting water resources month by month to detect where water is...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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