1
In this lesson, students will create three-dimensional (3-D) blocks out of paper to learn about the types of faulting that occur at the Earth’s surface and its interior, and explain how earthquakes are generated by fault movement. Step-by-step directions will provide students with the necessary...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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2
Published in 1990
This report contains instructions and patterns for preparing seven, 3-D paper models that schematically illustrate common earth faults and associated landforms. The faults described are: normal, reverse, right- and left-lateral strike-slip, and oblique-slip. There are also models and discussions of...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Earthquakes create seismic waves that travel through the Earth. By analyzing these seismic waves, seismologists can explore the Earth's deep interior.
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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4
An earthquake causes different types of energy to radiate from the epicenter. The P and S waves are the first two to arrive at any specific point. P and S waves have different motions and shake the earth differently as they travel through it. In this activity, students demonstrate the motions of S...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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5
This activity allows students to construct a small-scale model of liquefaction, a hazard associated with strong-magnitude earthquakes. The sand, water, and ping pong ball(s) represent the composites of soil: sediment, water, and air, respectively. The shaking, representative of seismic waves, will...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
Earthquakes, a scientific and physical phenomenon, affect our lives in many ways. In this project, students use Real-Time earthquake and volcano data from the Internet to explore the relationship between earthquakes, plate tectonics, and volcanoes. Students will use real-time data to solve a...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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7
Intraplate earthquakes have long intrigued both students and educators. Classroom exploration of United State seismicity and hazards maps inevitably generates numerous questions from the learners regarding the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ). Unfortunately, many earth science teachers are not...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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8
To understand Plate Tectonic processes on the Earth, and to better understand where future earthquakes are likely to occur, it is important to know how to locate earthquakes as they occur. In this activity students use recent, three-component seismic data to locate a global earthquake. Students will...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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9
Earthquakes are exciting and dangerous, and many Earth scientists try to determine the risks they pose to people. In fact, earthquakes are one of the most costly natural hazards faced by the Untied States, posing a significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 States. Earthquakes occur every day....
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8
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10
Landslides not only are dangerous — causing on average more than 25 deaths and over ¤1 billion in damages a year — but are also widespread, occurring in all 50 states. Compounding the hazards, these natural disasters often occur along with other similar natural phenomena, such as floods...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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11
A volcano is a vent in the surface of the Earth through which magma and gasses erupt. Volcanic eruptions are among the Earth's most powerful and destructive forces, but volcanoes are also creative. Volcanoes have also shaped the Earth's landscape, as many of our mountains, islands, and plains have...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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12
A normal fault occurs when rocks break and move because they are being pulled apart. As the area is stretched, the rocks move along the fault. Each movement causes an earthquake. This model demonstrates how a block of rock is extended by a normal fault. 
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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13
"This activity opens by asking students to demonstrate how 'hard"""" they think the ground shakes during an earthquake. To quantify their demonstrations of ground shaking, students are introduced to a three-component accelerometer (iPhone, laptop or USB). Through a teacher lead discussion students...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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14
In this activity students explore the rate of earthquake occurrence for areas of Earth they choose to explore. Data is accessed through the simple interface of the IRIS Earthquake Browser (See Related Resources above). After compiling their data for various sized earthquakes, students calculate...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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15
"This poster features a visualization of ground motion resulting from the February 21, 2008 M 6.0 earthquake that occurred near Wells, NV combines with the image of a faucet to illustrate the classic Earth science functional analogy; """"Seismic waves radiate outward from an earthquake's epicenter...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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16
In this lesson, students examine seismic evidence to determine a) Earth must have a layered internal structure and, b) estimate the size of Earth’s core. Using an inquiry approach, students are divided into two teams (theoreticians and seismologists) to test the simplest hypothesis for what is...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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17
"Take a hard-boiled egg and crack its shell. Does the egg remind you of anything? The Earth, perhaps? The egg could be seen as a tiny model of the Earth. The thin shell represents the Earth's crust, divided into plates; within the shell is the firm but slippery mantle. Move the pieces of the shell...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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18
"This activity is intended to help students observe how stick-slip movement works. Instructions on how to build a motorized version of the following experiment as well as data produced from this model are available. At the end of the activity, students will be able to answer the questions,...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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19
Elastic waves that move through the Earth are called seismic waves. Want to study them more closely? SeisMac is a free application that displays the output from the Sudden Motion Sensor in recent Mac laptops as a real-time, three-axis, acceleration graph, or, more commonly, a seismogram. Once your...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
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20
The goal of this Teaching Box is to teach students about how and why earthquakes cause damage. Living in Earthquake Country explores seismic waves, the ability of scientists to predict the likelihood and severity of earthquakes at specific locations, the difference between magnitude and intensity,...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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