141
Phenomena is only as effective as the unit it is embedded within. The questions that students raise should be directly connected with the core ideas that you want the students to engage with using the science and engineering practices. For example, we all live seeing a volcano model explode -- but...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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142
"Each group will design a water filtration system and present to the class why they picked their design. Students are given a variety of materials (soil, gravel, charcoal, etc) and must try to filter """"polluted"""" (with food coloring, salt, dish soap) water."
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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143
Landslides not only are dangerous — causing on average more than 25 deaths and over ¤1 billion in damages a year — but are also widespread, occurring in all 50 states. Compounding the hazards, these natural disasters often occur along with other similar natural phenomena, such as floods...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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144
"Nitrogen is an element that is found both in living things and the nonliving parts of the Earth system. In this classroom activity, students play the role of nitrogen atoms traveling through the nitrogen cycle to gain understanding of the varied pathways through the cycle and how nitrogen is...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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145
Since our beginnings, we humans have had a narrow view of our home - Earth. For many years, standing on the ground and looking around or climbing a mountain and squinting down were the most useful ways people had of trying to understand the planet's surface. Only in the past few hundred years have...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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146
A volcano is a vent in the surface of the Earth through which magma and gasses erupt. Volcanic eruptions are among the Earth's most powerful and destructive forces, but volcanoes are also creative. Volcanoes have also shaped the Earth's landscape, as many of our mountains, islands, and plains have...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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147
"""""Soil porosity"""" refers to the amount of pore, or open space between soil particles. Pore spaces may be formed due to the movement of roots, worms, and insects; expanding gases trapped within these spaces by groundwater; and/or the dissolution of the soil parent material. Soil texture can also...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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148
A normal fault occurs when rocks break and move because they are being pulled apart. As the area is stretched, the rocks move along the fault. Each movement causes an earthquake. This model demonstrates how a block of rock is extended by a normal fault. 
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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149
"This activity opens by asking students to demonstrate how 'hard"""" they think the ground shakes during an earthquake. To quantify their demonstrations of ground shaking, students are introduced to a three-component accelerometer (iPhone, laptop or USB). Through a teacher lead discussion students...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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150
"Water that accumulates beneath the surface of the Earth is called groundwater. Contrary to popular belief, groundwater does not form underground """"rivers,"""" but is actually found in the small spaces and cracks between rocks and other material such as sand and gravel. Groundwater supplies about...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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151
"""""Thar's gold in them thar classrooms!"""" History meets Earth science in the fun, hands-on activity below. Students pan for gold and other minerals, experiencing what early settlers of the Western US went through. Some gold deposits, or lodes, are found in veins of fractured rock. After millions...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
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152
"There are many glaciers all over Alaska. Flying into Lake Clark National Park and Preserve through Lake Clark Pass, you will see many glaciers. These glaciers were growing during the last Ice Age. Now many are retreating because Alaska is getting warmer. As the glaciers melt they leave behind...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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153
"Unraveling time and the Earth's biologic history are arguably geology's most important contributions to humanity. Yet it is very difficult for humans to appreciate time beyond that of one or two generations, much less hundreds, thousands, millions and billions of years. Perhaps we can only hope...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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154
"In this activity, students will use an accelerometer (iPhone, laptop or USB) to kinesthetically explore the physical """"meaning"""" of three component seismic data by replicating a seismogram by moving the accelerometer. Students have a chance to identify S and P waves and describe the paths each...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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155
In this activity students explore the rate of earthquake occurrence for areas of Earth they choose to explore. Data is accessed through the simple interface of the IRIS Earthquake Browser (See Related Resources above). After compiling their data for various sized earthquakes, students calculate...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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156
Locating crucial energy resources involves examining phenomena under, on, and above Earth’s surface. Some of these phenomena change frequently, such as winds. Others, such as oil and coal deposits, are products of long series of geologic processes. Yet all are geographic in nature — they occur...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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157
"This poster features a visualization of ground motion resulting from the February 21, 2008 M 6.0 earthquake that occurred near Wells, NV combines with the image of a faucet to illustrate the classic Earth science functional analogy; """"Seismic waves radiate outward from an earthquake's epicenter...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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158
"Two remote-sensing activities. Activity 1 provides Landsat images from NASA that you will use to analyze urban development with respect to seismic activity. Activity 2 allows you to investigate """"recent"""" seismic activity along faults in the San Francisco Bay region of California."
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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159
In this lesson, students examine seismic evidence to determine a) Earth must have a layered internal structure and, b) estimate the size of Earth’s core. Using an inquiry approach, students are divided into two teams (theoreticians and seismologists) to test the simplest hypothesis for what is...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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160
The JOIDES Resolution (JR) has physical dimensions unlike most oceangoing vessels. Why? So that scientists can sail nearly anywhere in the world to drill for samples of rocks and sediment from below the seafloor — in hopes of discovering clues about Earth’s history and structure, life in the...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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