141
In the grand geological-recycling scheme, sediment is (A) the product of weathering and erosion of rock and (B) the material for future rocks. Sediment grains range in size from tiny clay particles to large pieces of gravel, and even boulders. This article describes a simple experiment using a...
Grade Level   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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142
The global ocean circulation system transports heat worldwide and affects climate in many areas. For example, Europe would have much colder winters if it were not for the Gulf Stream. Winds blow surface waters and cause ocean currents. But the waters below the depths of the wind's influence flow...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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143
Students can study the air currents within their classroom to examine how wind and ocean currents distribute particles through different environments.
Grade Level   2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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144
Students will map the patterns of the major ocean currents as well as the influence of wind, water temperature, land masses, and water density on those currents. Students observe what happens to pieces of an herb sprinkled into a pan of water. After the activity, the students can discuss why the...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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145
Students use their hands to demonstrate different elements for folding in rocks.
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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146
Density is a measure of the mass per unit volume of a substance. The density of seawater depends on many factors such as the concentration of salt dissolved in it and its temperature. This demonstration shows different gradients of density in ocean water.
Grade Level   6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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147
Students use prior knowledge, a photo gallery, and a video to discuss what they already know about extreme weather on Earth and brainstorm and categorize a list of weather-related words and phrases. Then they identify the necessary conditions for weather events to occur, and the factors that affect...
Grade Level   6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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148
Students use prior knowledge, a photo gallery, and a video to discuss what they already know about extreme weather on Earth and brainstorm and categorize a list of weather-related words and phrases. Then they identify the necessary conditions for weather events to occur, and the factors that affect...
Grade Level   6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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149
Hurricanes, typhoons, tornadoes, waterspouts... What do all of these things have in common? This course module will begin to explore the basics of these systems including the Coriolis effect and how it changes depending on hwat type of storm you are exploring, classification of cyclones, and the...
Grade Level   6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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150
In this extensive sixth grade 17-day lesson students will travel to the Aurora Fossil Museum in North Carolina to hunt for fossils and visit the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences in downtown Raleigh. Students will be real scientists throughout the project, taking all steps scientists do when...
Grade Level   6
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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151
This series of lessons starts off with a hands-on lab using inexpensive materials that shows the impact of increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and its warming impact on climate change. Next, students will participate in a global ciizen science project, Old Weather, which involves students in...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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152
Pupils prepare a scientific report about earthquakes, a topic studied in science or geography. The activity creates a cross-curricular link between the sciences and arts. Pupils can: relate their existing knowledge about earthquakes to historis paintings of the results of earthquakes; look carefully...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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153
Our Moon acts like training wheels for the Earth, allowing for a stable cycle of seasons. In part A, children ages 11 to 13 model how Earth's tilt creates the seasons. In part B, children model that if its tilt was not stabilized by the Moon, Earth's axis would slowly wobble betwen straight up and...
Grade Level   6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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154
The Moon is the reason for our 24-hour day! In this 45-minute activity, children ages 10 to 13 explore the Earth's rotation and the Moon's role.
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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155
Children ages 8 to 13 select from a variety of fruits to construct a scale of the Moon, Earth, and Sun. After determining the correct sizes and distances for their models, they remove the Moon. They consider what it would be like if the nearby Moon were no longer reflecting the Sun's light in the...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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156
In this 10-minute demonstration or 30-minute activity, children ages 8-13 investigate the source of the Moon's light. They consider a ball, wrapped in aluminum foil, and experiment with a flashlight to make it appear bright. The children compare the foil-wrapped ball to a Moon globe and discover...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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157
Children model ancient lunar impacts using water balloons. By measuring the diameter of the crater area, children discover that the Moon's argest impact basins were created by huge asteroids! Like these huge asteroids, the water balloons were destroyed on impact and leave a splash (i.e., crater)...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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158
The Moon is made of cheese... no! Rice Krispies treats! Children ages 8 to 13 discover that the Moon, like Earth, is made up of layers of different materials through this 45-minute activity. They work in teams to make models of the interiors of the Moon and Earth. Common food items are used to...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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159
Children ages 10 to 13 perform the lunar phases outdoors, using a Styrofoam ball, sunlight, and the motions of their bodies to model the Moon's phases. Older children (12 to 13) predict future moon phases. Note that this activity is appropriate for older children (ages 10 to 13) who are able to...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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160
Data gathering is a starting point for model building. With this material, students have an opportunity to gather data that will later be explained by their EMS model. Students compile data for a complete cycle of Moon phases (28 days). This should elicit the idea that observation is a major part of...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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