1
The National Park Service brings you information on geologic time and how we tell the age of the Earth. Learn about fundamental geologic concepts, view a geologic time module, view a video on the Big Ideas in Geoscience, and look at fossils and rocks throughout geologic time.
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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2
Published in 2018
Have you ever felt an earthquake? What was it link? What did you do? More than 143 million people are exposed to potentially damaging shaking in the United States. The US Geological Survey (USGS) along with universities and state agencies in Washington, Oregon, Nevada, and California are developing...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Published in 2018
You may have seen or used Global Positioning System (GPS) devices in cars or on camping trips. These devices use data from satellites orbiting the Earth to locate places on our planet. GPS devices describe the locations to us in the form of latitude and longitude coordinates. Citizen scientists...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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4
Published in 2018
This activity has students taking core samples and investigating what they see in the cores during different times of the year.
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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5
Published in 2018
There are many reasons people look into art for expression. Art is a means to express emotion, document events, and convey information. In this exercise, you will select a scientific graph that addresses an important real-workd issue, create an illustrated graph from that original, and craft an...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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6
We can read about, hear, or see weather reports every day on the radio, television, Internet, or newspapers. Some of this information includes current air temperatures and highs and lows for that day. As a citizen scientist, you can take your own air temperatures with an outdoor thermometer and...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9
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7
Dendrochronologists use tree rings to go back in time to learn more about past climate. Using straws to recreate tree rings, you can learn how dendrochronologists work. Construct a 50-year climatic history on a three-meter time line. In this activity, students use the spacings between tree rings to...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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8
Published in 2005
Students have the opportunity to take a core sample of their local soil. Using PVC piping, a section of soil is pulled up, allowing students to observe the soil's different layers. Those layers are then separated and identified. The identification process helps students understand what elements make...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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9
The atmosphere is a mixture of gases. Similarly, the world's oceans and fresh waters contain dissolved chemicals. Many substances dispersed in air or water are measured in parts per million. Some of these substances are colorless, odorless, and tasteless, yet even in small quantities they can be...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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10
Caves form through a variety of natural processes depending on their local geology and climate. Flowing lava, melting ice, dissolving rock, and crashing waves are the major processes that form these wondrous environments. In this activity, students will observe a model of how the most common type of...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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11
Scientists, engineers, and others create geologic maps to determine the best places for people to settle, build, farm, and use land in a variety of ways. They also use geologic maps to monitor the ways that human activity might be changing the land itself over time. As the Geologic Map of Karst in...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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12
Published in 2018
People find inspiration in many different places and things. Among them is taking joy in sensing the Earth around you. Feel the breeze on your face. Take in the fresh smell of the air after a spring rain. Use your hands to build something. Wherever you live you can get outside, savor your...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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13
Published in 2018
Looking at Earth from space is inspiring. All of the colors you see in a satellite image tell you a lot about the world around us. What is on the land around you? Pavement? A grassy lawn? A forest? What covers our land matters because we depend on and pasture to produce food, forests for wood...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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14
How are people affecting your local environment? How is our planet changing? Join the “citizen science” movement, and you can help discover the answers. Citizen science is a form of open collaboration in which members of the public participate in the scientific process to address real-world...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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15
We walk around on soil all the time, but how often do we think about what's in it? If you have ever looked closely at soil, you probably saw that it is made up of various types of particles and has various materials mixed in with those particles (rocks, twigs, water, air, worms, insects, and much...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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16
In Swords into Plowshares: At Home in a Missile Silo, Tony Crossley says of his underground home: “The winters are bitterly cold, the summers feature spectacular afternoon thunderstorms and occasional tornadoes, and throughout the year we get days when the wind is very strong. Underground it’s...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
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17
The JOIDES Resolution (JR) has physical dimensions unlike most oceangoing vessels. Why? So that scientists can sail nearly anywhere in the world to drill for samples of rocks and sediment from below the seafloor — in hopes of discovering clues about Earth’s history and structure, life in the...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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18
How do geologists understand the Earth’s history? In part, they measure the age of rocks and other natural materials by dating techniques. They can date rocks by gauging the amount of decay of radioactive elements. The time necessary for half of any given amount of one element (the “parent...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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19
The JOIDES Resolution is an amazing ship that contains all the equipment necessary to drill into the ocean floor for samples of rock and sediment: a derrick, drill pipe, drilling tools, and drill bits. Once the cylindrical core sample arrives on the rig floor, the drill crew passes the 10 m core to...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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20
Explore mountain ranges and why they become so big.
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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