1
Are geothermal power sources actually renewable? This activity has students building a geothermal power source and answering questions on renew-ability. Students will see different ways geothermal power is extracted, model forms of this power using a density can filled with hot gravel, and be able...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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2
We find carbon everywhere on Earth ─ in trees, rocks, fossil fuels, oceans, and even you! Carbon doesn’t stay in one place, through. Scientists study how carbon moves from one place to another. This is the carbon cycle. The Industrial Revolution, starting in the 1700s, saw a move to large-scale...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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3
Human beings have been linked to earth materials since prehistoric times. They used caves for shelter, shaped rocks into stone implements, and later refined metals to make tools. Beyond practical purposes, Earth materials also were used to make pigments for paint. Rock walls became canvases where...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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4
Core samples are small portions of a formation taken from an existing well and used for geologic analysis. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Drilling is the only way to be sure that oil and gas...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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5
"The purpose of this activity is to give the player an introduction to the economics of mining. Each player buys """"property,"""" purchases the """"mining equipment,"""" pays for the """"mining operation,"""" and finally pays for the """"reclamation."""" In return, the player receives money for the...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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6
"Mining is a complex process in which valuable or useful materials are removed from large masses of rock. In this activity, students use birdseed and colored beads to mine for """"precious metals"""" and """"gold."""" At th end of the activity, students can count up their winnings. The students gain...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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7
Earth scientists play a vital role in harvesting the energy resources on which we all rely. When preparing to drill for oil, for example, geoscientists must assess many aspects of a rock stratum (layer). For example, they must figure out the volume of the rock's pores, or empty spaces, as compared...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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8
Sinkholes are natural depressions in the land caused when limestone and soils dissolve. They form when groundwater removes rock underground. They can form by slow gradual sinking or by sudden collapse of an underlying hole. Sinkholes are common in about one quarter of the U.S. You can usually...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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9
Coal is an organic sedimentary rock that is formed by the compaction and hardening of plant remains. Because coal is mostly composed of carbon, it is a rock that burns in air. The heat that is released by burning coal is used as the primary source of energy for the generation of electricity. About...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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