1
Because the formation of soil involves the interaction of numerous physical, chemical, and biological processes, the study of soil provides an unmatched opportunity to illustrate connections between science and a systems approach to understanding earth processes. Soil, as the basis for agriculture,...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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2
Students will use a chemical reaction to test for the presence of carbonate in calcite and limestone. By dropping a small amount of an acid on these specimens, they will observe bubbles of carbon dioxide forming from the reaction of the acid with carbonate minerals.
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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3
"Meteoroids are pieces of rock that once were part of another celestial body. These pieces of rock can be of microscopic size to several meters across. When the rock enters the earth's atmosphere, it is referred to as a meteor or """"""""shooting star."""""""" If the rock strikes the surface of the...
Grade Level   8 9 10 11 12
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4
Chapter 4 focuses on rocks and minerals, and looking at types of rocks. Lessons included in this chapter: rocks, minerals, igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks.
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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5
Published in 2005
Students have the opportunity to take a core sample of their local soil. Using PVC piping, a section of soil is pulled up, allowing students to observe the soil's different layers. Those layers are then separated and identified. The identification process helps students understand what elements make...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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6
Landslides not only are dangerous — causing on average more than 25 deaths and over ¤1 billion in damages a year — but are also widespread, occurring in all 50 states. Compounding the hazards, these natural disasters often occur along with other similar natural phenomena, such as floods...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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7
Soil plays a unique role in our life. Soil helps to maintain air quality, stores water and nutrients for plants, and filters contaminants from surface water. Where there is soil, life flourishes. Determining a soil’s pH is important because many plants will only grow in either alkaline or acidic...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8
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8
"Have you ever seen a fossil? A fossil is any evidence of past life preserved in sediments or rocks. Do you think you could have dinosaur fossils in your family car’s gas tank? Did you ever hear that oil and natural gas are “fossil fuels”? Do you think oil and natural gas can be made from...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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9
"In this activity, students will use an accelerometer (iPhone, laptop or USB) to kinesthetically explore the physical """"meaning"""" of three component seismic data by replicating a seismogram by moving the accelerometer. Students have a chance to identify S and P waves and describe the paths each...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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10
A fossil is any evidence of past life preserved in a geologic context, such as within rock or sediment. This activity allows you to explore the process used by paleontologists — scientists who study fossils to understand ancient landscapes, climate, and life on Earth — to find and identify...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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11
The JOIDES Resolution (JR) has physical dimensions unlike most oceangoing vessels. Why? So that scientists can sail nearly anywhere in the world to drill for samples of rocks and sediment from below the seafloor — in hopes of discovering clues about Earth’s history and structure, life in the...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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12
Core samples are small portions of a formation taken from an existing well and used for geologic analysis. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Drilling is the only way to be sure that oil and gas...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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13
"The purpose of this activity is to give the player an introduction to the economics of mining. Each player buys """"property,"""" purchases the """"mining equipment,"""" pays for the """"mining operation,"""" and finally pays for the """"reclamation."""" In return, the player receives money for the...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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14
This activity allows students to experience what rocks and minerals go through during the rock cycle. The activity explains how to manipulate chocolate using heated water and a knife into different states representing metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks. Chocolate can be ground into small...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
Classroom Activities Curricula and Instruction
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15
"To allow students to produce a """"marketable"""" product made from minerals that are used by most people every day. Both the abrasive and cleansing compounds found in toothpaste, calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, are minerals. Students make their own toothpastes with different colors and...
Grade Level   3 4 5 6 7 8
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16
The JOIDES Resolution is an amazing ship that contains all the equipment necessary to drill into the ocean floor for samples of rock and sediment: a derrick, drill pipe, drilling tools, and drill bits. Once the cylindrical core sample arrives on the rig floor, the drill crew passes the 10 m core to...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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17
Through this earth science curriculum unit, student teams are presented with the scenario that an asteroid will impact the Earth. In response, their challenge is to design the location and size of underground caverns to shelter the people from an uninhabitable Earth for one year. Driven by this...
Grade Level   6 7 8
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18
The stone test wall was constructed to study the performance of stone subjected to weathering. It contains 2352 individual samples of stone, of which 2032 are domestic stone from 47 states, and 320 are stones from 16 foreign countries. Over 30 distinct types of stones are represented, some of which...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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19
By JISC
The Virtual Microscope for Earth Science Project aims to make a step change in the teaching of Earth Sciences by broadening access to rock collections that are currently held in museums, universities and other institutions around the world. The intention is to engage and excite students in schools...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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20
Raindrops contain more than just water. In addition to the small particles of dust around which water drops form, raindrops can contain chemicals found in the atmosphere. Often rain is slightly acidic. This “acid rain” can chemically affect (weather) materials it touches. The amount of...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10
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