1
Published in 2005
Students have the opportunity to take a core sample of their local soil. Using PVC piping, a section of soil is pulled up, allowing students to observe the soil's different layers. Those layers are then separated and identified. The identification process helps students understand what elements make...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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2
Landslides not only are dangerous — causing on average more than 25 deaths and over ¤1 billion in damages a year — but are also widespread, occurring in all 50 states. Compounding the hazards, these natural disasters often occur along with other similar natural phenomena, such as floods...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8
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3
Soil plays a unique role in our life. Soil helps to maintain air quality, stores water and nutrients for plants, and filters contaminants from surface water. Where there is soil, life flourishes. Determining a soil’s pH is important because many plants will only grow in either alkaline or acidic...
Grade Level   4 5 6 7 8
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4
Core samples are small portions of a formation taken from an existing well and used for geologic analysis. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Drilling is the only way to be sure that oil and gas...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9
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5
Observe and describe the growth of crystals from everyday materials.
Grade Level   5 6
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6
Published in 2016
"Mud. It may not seem terribly exciting, and most of us even go out of our way to avoid it. But mus is actually fascinating stuff. Why? Well, for one, studying mud can help us better understand various natural processes and phenomena. For example, the sediment in a layer of mud can shed light on the...
Grade Level   6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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7
This teacher's guide defines what a mineral deposit is and how a mineral deposit is identified and measured, how the mineral resources are extracted, and how the mining site is reclaimed; how minerals and mineral resources are processed; and how we use mineral resources in our every day lives....
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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8
Are soils like M&Msâ„¢? Yes! Typical soil colors are red, brown, yellow, or black. These colors are often not the color of the minerals in the soil but coatings of iron oxides (Fe203, FeOOH, and so on) or organic matter on particles. The minerals beneath are often quartz or feldspar, which are...
Grade Level   9 10 11 12
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9
All living things depend on soil to live. What are some of our important natural resources? Your answers might include materials such as oil, water, coal, trees, animals, and gold. All of those areimportant natural resources, but we often forget to mention one of our most important natural...
Grade Level   K 1 2 3 4 5
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10
Students will explore samples of sand from different localities without magnification, and then examine the same sands at different magnification scales. They will also make and record observations describing what the enhanced details of the magnified images reveal about the composition, texture,...
Grade Level   5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
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11
Because the formation of soil involves the interaction of numerous physical, chemical, and biological processes, the study of soil provides an unmatched opportunity to illustrate connections between science and a systems approach to understanding earth processes. Soil, as the basis for agriculture,...
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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12
This activity introduces students to the concept of sorting materials in different mediums and the sedimentary feature called graded bedding. Students will discover that water is a good medium to separate and sort particles, and that particles behave differently in water than in air.
Grade Level   7 8 9 10 11 12
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